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"On this day in American History"





Pres. Nixon supports construction of the Alaskan oil pipeline.....
On this day in 1973, President Richard Nixon declares that America’s energy requirements have outpaced its production capacity and urges Congress to pass Senate Bill 1081, which would authorize the construction of a pipeline to access oil from the North Slope of Alaska. Nixon claimed the nation’s “dangerous reliance” on foreign oil, controlled mainly by the increasingly powerful, but politically unstable oil-rich nations of the Middle East, posed a threat to America’s economy. America had once relied on cheap domestic oil, but by the 1970s, dwindling supplies forced the nation to buy more expensive oil on the international market. An Arab oil embargo in 1973 exacerbated the problem. Saying that the conservation of existing domestic supplies was not enough, Nixon declared that America had to find and tap more oil resources closer to home. In his announcement on this day, Nixon projected that the pipeline would be completed in 1977, and would eventually carry 2 million barrels of oil per day into the port at Valdez, Alaska, where tankers would then carry the precious cargo into the continental United States. Nixon sought to assure an increasingly vocal environmental movement that the planned pipeline—which he called the “single largest endeavor ever undertaken by private enterprise”– would be constructed and operated “under the most rigid environmental safeguards ever devised.” Meanwhile, though, he asked Congress not to attach amendments to the bill that would have given federal agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Natural Resources and the Department of Fish and Game regulatory power over the pipeline’s construction. Oil began flowing through the pipeline on June 20, 1977. Although the pipeline increased domestic oil supplies, America continued to rely primarily on crude exports from the Middle East. In 2001, President George W. Bush expressed the desire to open up more of the Alaskan North Slope to oil and gas exploration and production. He echoed Nixon’s original claim that to do so would ease America’s dependence on foreign oil and make the nation less vulnerable to political instability in the Middle East.


Comment .... With all these issues about oil pipe lines I thought I would tell you where it started.. I remember when Nixon did this. I believe he was trying to keep the price of gas down.. Remember the gas wars. People needed to go to work and couldn't fill their tanks.. When it came to the people of this country I believe Nixon was fair.. Big business did not own him like what is happening today.. I remember when beef prices were on the rise. He froze the price so it couldn't go higher.. Gas at the time in this country was 49.9 a gallon for regular....
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( 5 comments — Leave a comment )
kabuldur
Nov. 17th, 2016 10:46 am (UTC)
That is a well-written quote and pretty much described what happened. I notice that today American is, as far as I know, self-sufficient in oil. That was the goal. (And a good one, too.) I also remember what you call the 'gas wars'. Here, and in your country too, I believe, it sparked the self-sufficiency movement, with 'hippies' or alternative people moving back onto the land to try to be self-reliant. It didn't totally work, in my country, at least.

1973 was the year that my first child was born. It doesn't seem all that long ago!

I think Nixon did a good thing in fixing beef prices. This is a time when in my country, chicken changed from being an expensive luxury item to a cheap meal.

I also remember the low petrol prices. For $5 a week (and we didn't have much money at all) we could put enough petrol in the car for me to go out to uni two or three days a week, do the weekly shopping and even have a Sunday drive. It didn't cost us that much in petrol to go to the beach (I lived further from the beach in those days.) I remember predicting in 1979 that petrol would soon be up to $1 a gallon - and it did, too!
tyler306
Nov. 17th, 2016 01:16 pm (UTC)
My first son was born in 1963. I'm glad I could trigger some good reminder memories and you remember Nixon freezing the price of meat.. I must be doing my job.. Thank you K...
kabuldur
Nov. 18th, 2016 11:49 am (UTC)
Eeek! That means your son is 53!

I knew nothing about Nixon freezing the price of meat. I didn't remember that bit :P I remember the other things I mentioned, though.
tyler306
Nov. 18th, 2016 01:29 pm (UTC)
Yes 53 .. He says the same thing.. He is my oldest one.. Thought he was going to live forever. Like most do today.. Yes beef price were on the rise in Texas. He stopped them..
kabuldur
Nov. 19th, 2016 11:46 am (UTC)
:)
( 5 comments — Leave a comment )

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